Key book

The law of syntropy (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B006QHVZPA)

 Syntropy: the energy of life (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B007MZWDSS)

 Retrocausality: experiments and theory (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B005JIN51O)

 Supercausality and complexity. Changing the rules in the study of causality (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B005N5KLCE)

 Origin of life, evolution and consciousness in the light of the law of syntropy (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B005HADKWS)

 The vital needs theory (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B006M0L0R4)

 Anxiety, depression and anguish in the light of the theory of vital needs (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B005I4IIH0)

 Cardiophenomenology (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B007SMKWNI)

 A new Bretton Woods and the end of paper money (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B007M7K0TA)

 The Theorem of Love (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B008GMB724) 


The law of syntropy (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B006QHVZPA). The energy momentum mass equation of Einstein's special relativity E2 = m2c4 + p2c2 is a second order equation and consequently it has two solutions: a positive solution (+E) which describes energy and mass which diverge from causes located in the past (causality) and a negative solution (-E) which describes energy and mass which diverge, backwards in time, from causes which are located in the future (retrocausality). Since we move forward in time retrocausality coincides with converging forces. In 1941 the mathematician Luigi Fantappiè realized that the positive solution is governed by the law of entropy (from Greek: en = diverging, tropos = tendency), whereas the negative solution is governed by a law symmetrical to entropy which he named syntropy (from Greek: syn = converge, tropos = tendency). The law of entropy describes the dissipation of energy and the increase in the homogeneous distribution of matter. On the contrary, the law of syntropy describes the concentration of energy and the increase in differentiation and complexity, i.e. the transition from disorder to order and from energy dissipation to energy concentration and absorption. Fantappiè listed the mathematical properties of the law of syntropy and could recognize them in living systems. Therefore he suggested in his "Unitary theory of the physical and biological world" the hypothesis that life is caused by attractors which retroact from the future. The implications of the law of syntropy in science and culture are well described by Fantappiè in this letter to a friend: “In the days just before Christmas 1941, as a consequence of conversations with two colleagues, a physicist and a biologist, I was suddenly projected in a new panorama, which radically changed the vision of science and of the Universe which I had inherited from my teachers, and which I had always considered the strong and certain ground on which to base my scientific investigations. Suddenly I saw the possibility of interpreting a wide range of solutions (the anticipated potentials) of the wave equation which can be considered the fundamental law of the Universe. These solutions had been always rejected as “impossible”, but suddenly they appeared “possible”, and they explained a new category of phenomena which I later named “syntropic”, totally different from the entropic ones, of the mechanical, physical and chemical laws, which obey only the principle of classical causation and the law of entropy. Syntropic phenomena, which are instead represented by those strange solutions of the “anticipated potentials”, should obey two opposite principles of finality (moved by a final cause placed in the future, and not by a cause which is placed in the past) and differentiation, and also non-causable in a laboratory. This last characteristic explains why this type of phenomena has never been reproduced in a laboratory, and its finalistic properties justified the refusal among scientists, who accepted without any doubt the assumption that finalism is a “metaphysical” principle, outside Science and Nature. This assumption obstructed the way to a calm investigation of the real existence of this second type of phenomena; an investigation which I accepted to carry out, even though I felt as if I were falling in a abyss, with incredible consequences and conclusions. It suddenly seemed as if the sky were falling apart, or at least the certainties on which mechanical science had based its assumptions. It appeared to me clear that these “syntropic”, finalistic phenomena which lead to differentiation and could not be reproduced in a laboratory, were real, and existed in nature, as I could recognize them in the living systems. The properties of this new law, opened consequences which were just incredible and which could deeply change the biological, medical, psychological, and social sciences.”


The vital needs theory (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B006M0L0R4). According to the law of syntropy the properties of life are available in the quantum level of matter and water molecules allows the flow of these properties in the macroscopic level. But, since the macroscopic level is governed by the law of entropy, which tends to destroy any form of organization, living systems are constantly struggling for survival. For example, material needs must be met such as acquiring water, food and a shelter. However, the theory of vital needs also identifies a series of intangible needs, just as vital and important as material needs, such as the need for meaning and the need for cohesion and love. When a vital need is met only partially an alarm bell is triggered. For example, if we need water thirst is triggered, if we need food hunger is triggered, if we need to provide a meaning to our life depression is triggered, if we need love and cohesion anguish is triggered. Depression and anguish are alarm bells, similarly to thirst and hunger, and inform us that the vital needs for meaning and cohesion are unsatisfied. Beside describing and explaining the well-known material needs (food, water, house, hygiene) the theory of vital needs postulates the existence of immaterial needs, which would be just as vital as material needs and which are at the basis of depression, anxiety and anguish when they are not satisfied. Furthermore, this theory postulates an evolutionary trend. When a living system moves away from this trend suffering and crises are triggered, and these crises can take the form also of financial, economical and social crises. The theory of vital needs can be used as a tool for designing policies which can guide effectively and efficiently out of individual, social and economical crises.


Origin of life, evolution and consciousness in the light of the law of syntropy (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B005HADKWS). The western economic model is based on the vision of life formulated in 1798 by the English demographer Thomas Malthus (1766-1834). Malthus, in his book "An Essay on the Principle of Population", proposed a set of ideas according to which the population grows much faster than food resources and, therefore, it is necessary to control the increase in population. Malthus suggested that wars and epidemics are beneficial to the species and was the first to talk about the "struggle for survival". According to his thesis, the poor should not be protected but should be left in the worst possible conditions, without mercy, thus preventing their reproduction and allowing the upper classes to win the fight for survival and prevail. Malthus’s economic model did not consider the slightest pity, compassion or protection for the weakest, however it received a wide consensus among English aristocrats, who feared having to give up their power to the working classes. Malthus had shown how to weaken the working class and control it, oppressing and exploiting it, keeping it in a state of poverty and misery, without protection or rights. In contrast to this view, the theory of syntropy argues that life is a general law of the Universe, characterized by cohesion, order and organization, whose tendency is to move towards harmony and wellbeing. This view has profound implications not only in biology, but also in psychology, economics, sociology and medicine.


Anxiety, depression and anguish in the light of the theory of vital needs (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B005I4IIH0). Anxiety and depression are increasingly part of the daily life of millions of people around the world. To these painful and sometimes unbearable experiences it is difficult to give an effective therapeutic response and, despite the psychopharmacological and psychotherapy treatments, they are frequently becoming chronic and always more common. Psychiatry and psychology do not have theoretical models capable of explaining these experiences of suffering, and do not provide effective therapeutic treatments. In this work anxiety, depression and anguish are described and explained according to the Vital Needs Theory. This theory arises from the contrast between entropy and syntropy and states that survival depends on the ability to reduce entropy and increase syntropy. From this condition a variety of needs originate such as material needs and immaterial needs for meaning and love. Our feelings inform us about the degree of satisfaction and dissatisfaction of these needs. For example, hunger signals that we need food, thirst that we need water. Similarly depression signals that we need to give a meaning to our existence and anguish that we need cohesion and love. Whereas material needs are tangible and therefore easy to recognize, immaterial needs are intangible and therefore more difficult to recognize. For this reason, instead of using the hints provided by depression and anxiety in order to satisfy our needs for meaning and love, we try to suppress them. But, in this way we behave similarly to whom would try to solve the need for water removing the signal of thirst. The need for water would continue to grow and would soon become so severe that it would cause physiological damages and eventually death. The same is true for depression and anxiety, when we do not respond to these signals the need for meaning and cohesion would continue to grow and cause severe illnesses. The theory of vital needs opens incredible scenarios for the treatment of depression and anxiety, but it also states that life is a non mechanical system which tends to objectives, guided by a flow of energy and information which retroacts from the future and which can be used as a compass in order to orient our decisions in the most advantageous direction.


Retrocausality: experiments and theory (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B005JIN51O). The energy/momentum/mass equation of Einstein's special relativity is a second order equation and consequently always yields two solutions, one positive and one negative: the positive solution (+E) describes energy that diverges from the past to the future, whereas the negative solution (-E) describes energy that diverges backwards in time from the future to the past. The attitude of physicists is to exclude as "impossible " all those solutions that violate classical causality, that is, all those solutions, in which it becomes possible that a signal is sent from the future to the past. For this reason, Einstein decided to simplify the energy/momentum/mass equation into the famous E = mc2, which always has only positive solutions. However, in quantum mechanics this simplification is not possible, since particles propagate at speeds close to light, and it is therefore necessary to use the extended formula, the energy/momentum/mass equation which introduces the possibility of retrocausality. Luigi Fantappiè could not accept that physicists had taken the liberty to refuse, in a subjective way and going against all the experimental evidences, half of the fundamental equations of the Universe. By studying the properties of the two solutions, Fantappiè found that the negative solution is governed by the law of syntropy and by retrocausality. But, Fantappiè was not able to translate the law of syntropy into experiments, since the experimental method requires the manipulation of causes and it was possible to manipulate only causes which precede effects, limiting science to the study of cause and effect relations. For this reason, retrocausality and syntropy were relegated within the fields of philosophy and parapsychology, outside of science. But, thanks to the recent development of REG (Random Event Generators) it has become possible to perform experiments in which causes are manipulated in the future in a totally unpredictable way, with no clues at the time when the measurement of the effect is performed. The hypothesis that arises from the theory of syntropy is the following: systems that support life processes need to acquire syntropy and, consequently, the parameters of these systems should show pre-stimulus arousals. In humans, the system that supports life processes is the autonomic nervous system and it is therefore assumed a pre-stimulus arousals of the parameters of heart rate and skin conductance. REG devices have allowed a growing number of researchers to observe experimentally these pre-stimuli responses of the autonomic nervous system (i.e., skin conductance and heart rate), thus confirming the hypothesis of syntropy and retrocausality and supporting the validity of the negative solution of the equations that combine special relativity with quantum mechanics.


Supercausality and complexity. Changing the rules in the study of causality (Kindle Editions, Amazon, ASIN B005N5KLCE). The negative solution of the energy/momentum/mass equation of Einstein’s special relativity, introduces the possibility of retrocausality and supercausality. However, the experimental method involves manipulating causes and this has limited science solely to the study of cause and effect relations, in which causes precede effects. In other words, the experimental method prevented the study of retrocausality and supercausality and consequently of the qualities of life. Another method can produce scientific knowledge allowing to study retrocausality and supercausality. This method, formalized in 1843 by economist and philosopher John Stuart Mill, is based on the study of concomitances. The method of concomitant variation allows to study quantitative and qualitative, objective and subjective information together and handles complex phenomena allowing the study of retrocausal and supercausal relations. Classical causality is governed by the law of entropy, which leads to the increase in disorder and dissipation of resources and energy, and is now considered at the basis of the economic, financial, environmental, social and individual crises which we are witnessing. Consequently, in order to overcome and solve crises, it is necessary to change the way causality is studied, shifting from the current cause and effect paradigm to the new paradigm of supercausality. Supercausality has important implications in all areas of life. For example it leads to redefine economical, social, organizational and productive systems and leads to reformulate medicine, psychiatry and psychology.